WILLIAM CAMPBELL MORGAN
4 thTENNESSEE CAVALRY BATTALION
Born: 3 February 1845 in Jackson County, TN
Died: 8 January 1926 in Putnam County, TN
Buried: Cookeville City Cemetery, Putnam County, TN
Parents: Austin Hawkins and Barbara (Johnson) Morgan
Married: Marina E. Pharris on 3 December 1863 in Jackson County, TN
Born: 10 December 1847 in Overton County, TN
Died: 19 October 1927 in Putnam County, TN
Buried: Cookeville City Cemetery, Putnam County, TN
Parents: Leroy and Emily Caroline (Unknown) Pharris
- Joseph Morgan
- Martha E. Morgan
- George M. Morgan
- William Morgan
- Simpson Morgan
- Louisa Morgan
- Coe Morgan
- Edward Morgan
- Lewis K. Morgan
4 thTennessee Cavalry (Shaw's) Battalion
- No Information Found
- Records were lost for Shaw's Battalion
PENSION APPLICATION ABSTRACT
- Filed 22 January 1907
- Widow's Application #8428
- Resident of Cookeville, TN
- Member of Captain Oliver Hamilton's Co. A, 4 TN Battalion
- Born in Jackson County on 3 February 1845
- Enlisted 16 July 1862 in Col Captain Hamilton's Co. 4th TN Battalion; 1st Lieutenant James Eaton, 2nd Lieutenant Pembroke Lindsey
- BattlesL Tompkinsville, KY; Cinthiana, KY, Celina, Ridgeville, TN; Kings Salt Works, VA; Atlanta through Savannah, GA
- Married: Wife is 48 years old; One son who is 14 years old
- Attest: John S. Quarles, William Nathan Pharris, & Columbus Jackson Davis
- TN Board of Pension Examiners (15 Apr 1907) - Service Record request
- War Department (19 Apr 1907) - No record found.
- N. B. Young (12 Aug 1908) - Status Request
- N. B. Young (12 Sep 1908) - Status Request
- J. M. Morgan (12 Sep 1908) - He is a cousin of WCM and a brother of George H. Morgan. All of them were in the army together.
- C. J. Davis (11 Sep 1908) - He was present at the surrender and made a good soldier. Colonel Mounce Gore, Captain Jobe Morgan, N. M. Cox, & Henry Vincent served with him; Cousin George H. Morgan had his parole. Since his death, it cannot be found.
WIDOW'S PENSION APPLICATION ABSTRACT
- Filed 13 February 1926
- Resident of Cookeville
- Resident of Tennessee all her life
- Maiden Name: Marena Pharris
- Born on Roaring River in Overton County on 6 December 1849
- Husband died 8 January 1926 in Cookeville
- Children: 8 boys and 4 girls
- Witnesses: P. Terry and J. C. Chaffin
- Have known her for 50 years
- They were married by Rev. Austin Morgan.
- W. C. Morgan died 8 January 1926 in Cookeville, TN.
- Joe Morgan (17 Feb 1926) -
- He is the oldest child of W. C. and Marena Morgan. He is 61 years old.
- He knows of no one who was present at the wedding, and the minister has been dead a number of years.
- He is in possession of the family record kept by his grandfather, Austin H. Morgan. The record shows that W. C. Morgan and Marena Pharris were married 3 December 1863.
- He has lived with his father and mother all his life and knows that they lived together as man and wife until his father died 8 January 1926.
- They lived in Jackson County all their lives until about 20 years ago when they moved to Putnam County.
- Joe Morgan (24 Oct 1927) - Mrs. Marenia Morgan died at her home in Cookeville on 19 October 1927.
- Cockrill (24 Oct 1927) - Estate is due a check for $37.50.
- Cockrill (25 Oct 1927) - Estate is due a check for $25.
- Joe Morgan (5 Nov 1927) - Took care of widow and paid for her burial expenses. He thought that he was entitled to collect the pension according to her death date. He has not hear from the board.
- Comptroller of the Treasury (27 Nov 1927) - In reference to the pension check due the estate, he will refer the letter to Col. John P. Hickman.
- 1850 Census: Jackson County, TN, Page 175
- 1860 Census: Jackson County, TN, Page 254
- 1870 Census:
- 1880 Census: Putnam County, TN, Page 263A
- 1900 Census: Putnam County, TN, Page 19A
- 1910 Census: Putnam County, TN, Page 30A
- 1920 Census: Putnam County, TN, Page 29A
Jackson County Sentinel Gainesboro, Tenn., Wednesday, Jan. 13, 1926
Bullets, Fire, and Moonshine & the Bible, Volume 5, Life in Jackson County, TN, Jan, 1923 - Dec. 1928by Mary Clark Pryor
- Campbell Morgan, Confederate Veteran, Dies at Cookeville, Fri. Jan. 8 (Special to the Tennessean) -- Cookeville, Tenn., Jan 11: Campbell Morgan, 80, Confederate veteran and widely known citizen who died at his home here Friday, was buried Sunday. He entered the civil war when 16 years old and served throughout the war under Capt. William Carlen in Gen. George G. Dibrell's brigade. After the war many of his neighbors engaged in the manufacture of whiskey and at one time rebelled at paying government license. Under the leadership of Mr. Morgan they engaged in battle with a force of revenue officers led by Jim Davis deputy collector, sent into the state to arrest them. The government men were force to take refuge in a nearby cabin, and would have been severely dealt with if Mr. Morgan had not intervened in their behalf. Two books have been written describe this and other exciting incident in Mr. Morgan's early life, and "Uncle Campbell" as he was affectionately known, like to talk of these early experiences. Mr. Morgan served as sheriff of Jackson County for three terms and was later deputy United States Marshall for about twenty years, having retired about 15 years ago. He was one of the most popular officers who ever served in teh Upper Cumberland country. Mr. Morgan is survived by his widow, Marina Pharris Morgan, and the following children: Joe Morgan and Mrs. Emma Shirley of Cookeville, George Morgan of Daisy, Tenn., Ed and Lewis K. Morgan of Nashville, Mrs. A. Meachum, of Chattanooga and Mrs. John Wheat of Smithville.
Putnam County Herald
20 October 1927
Vol. XXV, No. 83, Page 1
- MRS. CAMPBELL MORGAN - In the death of Mrs. Marina Pharris Morgan, widow of the late Campbell Morgan, Cookeville lost one of its oldest citizens. Mrs. Morgan died at her home on Wednesday morning after an illness of two weeks with pneumonia. She was born and reared in Jackson county, her father a pioneer settler of that section. More than sixty years ago she was married to Mr. Morgan and this union was broken last year by the death of Mr. Morgan. Mrs. Morgan was truly a homemaker for her family. It was her pleasure always to be doing something to make them happy. She lived daily ready for the Master's call. Since childhood, she had been a Christian being a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian church. Funeral services were conducted at the home at ten o'clock this morning by her pastor, Rev. B. W. Covington, assisted by Rev. Sam Edwards, followed by burial beside the companion of her youth and old age in the Cookeville cemetery. Surving are six sons: Joe and Coe Morgan of Cookeville, Washington, of Dallas, Texas. Simpson of Birmingham, Ala, Louis K., of Old Hickory, Ed, of Nashville, three daughters, Mrs. Emma Shirley, of this city, Mrs. John Wheat, Smithville, Mrs. A. Meachum, of Chattanooga.
Jackson County Sentinel Gainesboro, Tenn., Wednesday, Oct. 26, 1927
Bullets, Fire, and Moonshine & the Bible, Volume 5, Life in Jackson County, TN, Jan, 1923 - Dec. 1928by Mary Clark Pryor
- Mrs. Campbell Morgan -- Mrs. Marina Pharris Morgan, widow of the late Campbell Morgan, Cookeville, died at her home on Wednesday morning after an illness of two weeks with pneumonia. She was born and reared in Jackson County, her father a pioneer settler of that section. More than sixty years ago she was married to Mr. Morgan and this union was broken last year by the death of Mr. Morgan. She was a member of Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Funeral services were conducted by Rev. B. W. Covington, assisted by Rev. Sam Edwards, followed by burial . . . in Cookeville cemetery. Surviving are six sons: Joe and Coe Morgan of Cookeville; Washington of Dallas, Texas; Simpson of Birmingham, Ala; Louis K. of Old Hickory, Ed of Nashville; three daughters: Mrs. Emma Shirley of this city, Mrs. John Wheat of Smithville; Mrs. A. Meachum of Chattanooga -- Putnam County Herald.
The Tennessean, 30 October 1927, Page 6
- MRS. Campbell Morgan, Widow of Raider, Dead
(Special to The Tennessean.)
Cookeville, Tenn., Oct. 29 - Funeral services for Mrs. Mariana Pharriss Morgan, widow of Campbell Morgan, famous revenue raider for the United State Department of Internal Revenue at a time when the liquor tax was considered by moonshiners a violation of their constitutional rights, were conducted at the home by the Rev. B. W. Covington and the Rev. Sam Edwards today.
Mrs. Campbell is survived by six sons and three daughters, Joe and Coe Morgan and Mrs. Emma Shipley, of Cookeville; Washington Morgan, of Dallas, Texas; Simpson Morgan, of Birmingham; Louis K. Morgan, of Old Hickory; Ed Morgan, of Nashville; Mrs. John Wheat, of Smithville, and Mrs. A. Meachum, of Chattanooga.
- Death Certificate: Putnam County, TN (1926) - #7306 - Campbell Morgan
- Death Certificate: Putnam County, TN (1927) - #22891 - Marena Morgan
- Upper Cumberland Genealogical Society, Vol. 3, No. 4, October 1978, Page 4, "Family Bible of Daniel Johnson"
- Daily American
27 April 1879
W. CAMPBELL MORGAN
He appears in the United States Circuit Court and Accepts the Amnesty Offered by the Government.
One of the most notable occurrences in the United States Circuit Court, for the entire week, was the appearance, yesterday morning, of W. Campbell Morgan, who was made conspicuous in his single-handed fight with Special Deputy Collector James M. Davis and revenue raiders, about a year ago, and his subsequent engagement with him in the Peak fight of last August, in which several persons were wounded on both sides, himself and friends besieging Davis and men at Peak's house for about forty-eight hours.
When Gen. George H. Morgan, his attorney, found last Tuesday that the amnesty granted by the Government was an ascertained fact he sent a messenger to find Campbell Morgan. The messenger found him at the house of a friend in Jackson county. Not wishing to raise any excitement relative to his coming his attorney kept the fact, that he had sent after him, very quiet. Early yesterday morning, Gen. Morgan received the following telegram from Gallatin:
Hon. George H. Morgan, Nashville - Your friend, Campbell Morgan, has just arrived and will leave here for Nashville at 7:20 this morning.
S. F. Wilson
Gen. Mogan (sic) met Campbell Morgan at the depot and escorted him to the court room, and upon the convening of the Court announced that W. Campbell Morgan was present and desired to avail himself of the amnesty extended by the Government.
Judge Baxter said that his case would take the course of the rest, and Campbell Morgan executed bond for the payment of the costs.
When Gen. Morgan announced the name of W. Campbell Morgan quite a flutter was manifested by the spectators, to whom the name was a familiar one, and a great deal of curiosity to see him was shown.
Having given his bond, Special Deputy Collector James M. Davis advanced toward him and both very heartily shook hand and they spent the next half hour in a friendly conversation in which both resolved to bury the past and left the court room together, visiting the Capitol.
A reporter of the American subsequently met Campbell Morgan at Poole's gallery, where he sat for a negative. He said that illicit distilling had been carried on in the mountains more through ignorance of the law than any wish to violate it. It had been the common opinion among the people in his section that no one but a capitalist could conduct a legal distillery under the revenue laws, and they therefore felt that they could only manufacture whisky in small quantities outside of the law. Had they known what they had recently learned, and had the law been fully explained to them in all its aspects, there need never have been any trouble. He proposed to keep good faith with the Government in accepting the amnesty and not to look back on the past, to which he did not care to allude. He thought that hereafter there would be a better understanding among all parties. He said he had never been in court but twice, had never been in a private broil and did not drink whisky.
Gen. Morgan says that Campbell Morgan is a son of the Rev. A. H. Morgan, a Cumberland Presbyterian minister; that he was born in Jackson county, and is thirty-four years old. he was raised a farmer, and served as a private with Gen. Dibrell during the late war. He had purchased a farm, and, like many poor men, had an idea he could not distill legitimately on account of the small capital invested. It was through the distillation of whisky he hoped t pay for his farm, and this was the way he came to go into the business.
- Daily American
20 November 1878
WILLIAM CAMPBELL MORGAN
Solicits a Pardon, which is Refused - Commissioner Raum's Views on the Subject.
Collector W. M. Woodcock, yesterday, received the following copy of a letter sent by Commissioner Raum to Campbell Morgan, of Jackson county:
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, OFFICE OF INTERNAL REVENUE, WASHINGTON,
Nov. 1, 1878
Mr. William Campbell Morgan, care of J. M. Morgan, Esq., Gainesboro, Jackson county, Tenn.--Sir:
I am in receipt of a letter from Revenue Agent Jacob Wagner endorsing your letter of the 9th inst., in which you give an account of the difficulty that occurred in April last, at the time of the seizure of your still.
I must compliment you upon the ingenuity displayed in presenting yourself as an unoffending citizen, peaceably pursuing his avocation, and the officers of the United States as violators of the law. It is obvious, from your own admissions, that the internal revenue officers would not have visited your premises if you had not been engaged in violating the laws of the United States and defrauding it of its resources. By your act your distillery had become forfeited to the government, and you had subjected yourself to the penalties of fine and imprisonment. Under these circumstances the officers were entirely justified in entering upon your premises.
The use of the young men "who had just left the still-house" "as breastworks," was evidently done to deter you from resisting the officers by the use of fire arms. You state that "under these circumstances, a difficulty ensued." I learn, from the report of the officers, that you forced the difficulty, and that they acted in self-defense in the use of fire arms.
To me it is a matter of extreme regret that it is necessary, in the enforcement of the laws of the United States, that officers should go around ready to defend their lives against assult and to meet force with force. In this free county of ours every citizen should have such a love of the government and its laws as to cheerfully give obedience to their provisions and not be found engaged in defrauding it of its revenues, or forcibly resisting, with firearms, the officers engaged in the enforcement of the laws.
The frauds upon the revenue by the illicitly manufacture and sale of whisky have become so widespread and the loss to the revenue so great that the Government is determine to leave nothing undone to suppress these frauds, and bring the offenders to punishment and you may rest assured that the efforts now being made to suppress these frauds will be continued and constantly increased until the desired result is attained.
You say that you never intended to violate the spirit of the law, and you invite an investigation of your character for truth, honestly, sobriety, industry and peace. It is not necessary to discuss the question of your intention. They are to b judged of by your acts; and the establishing of an illicitly distillery and operating it two month, as you admit, without complying with the law, and without paying tax upon the product, is conclusive evidence that you not only intended to violate the letter, but the spirit of the law. Without having a knowledge of your character for truth, sobriety and industry, I deem it unnecessary to discuss it. I leave it to you sense of right whether a man can be considered honest who defrauds the government of its revenue, or peaceful who, with arms in his hands, resists the enforcement of the law.
There is no disposition to enforce the law in a vindictive spirit, but, on the contrary, I am very desirous of inspiring the people with respect for the law and a disposition to observe it. The difficulty in your case is that, not satisfied with resisting the officers some months ago, you assisted in besieging them for nearly two days and nights, in which affair three officers were wounded.
I am glad to know that you have determined to abandon the business of violation of the law, but I am not advised of any reasons that would warrant a pardon in your case. Very respectfully,
GREEN B. RAUM, Commissioner.
- Daily American, 15 August 1888, Page 5
WM. CAMPBELL MORGAN - Formerly a Moonshiner, Now a Trusted Officer of the Law. - Personal History of a Remarkable Man - The Famous Fight With Capt. Davis Recalled.
Special Correspondence of The American
GAINESBORO, TENN., Aug. 12 . -- The election excitement has passed and the citizens of Jackson County have relapsed inot their usual quiet state. Politics did not enter into the contest here, personal merit and preference along being considered. The Sheriff's race particularly was warmly contested, the former career of one of the most remarkable men in the State being handled pro and con in the contest. The outcome shows the determination on the part of the people of Jackson County to look to their own, as well as personal merit in the selection of their officers.
William Campbell Morgan, the Sheriff, named for Gov. Campbell, has had a remarkable career. He is the son of Rev. A. H. Morgan, a Presbyterian preacher, and cousin of George H. Morgan, late Speak of the Senate. His educational advantages were quite limited, his only book learning being reading and writing. Going in the war at 15, he served through under Gen. Dibrell, distinguishing himself as a brave soldier and scout. After the war, like many others, otherwise good citizens, he unfortunately, about the year 1875, engaged in the unlawful distillation of whisky.
As illegitimate business followed up, will bring its votaries to grief sooner or later, so it was in this instance. The Government determined to break up the wildcat business in the mountain district. Various conflicts resulted therefrom between moonshiners and officers, without very serious results,until the fall of 1868, when the famous Peak fight between Capt. J. M. Davis and his forces on one side and Campbell Morgan and about forty others on the other, in which several of the revenue men and one moonshiner were seriously wounded. Morgan was the reputed leader in this fight, but in fact was not, but advised against it He was present participating, however, and he and about twenty others were indicted in the Federal Court. A number of the parties were arrested, but Morgan successfully eluded the officers, until through the efforts of Hon. Geo. G. Dibrell and Benton McMillin and Attorney General Geo. H. Morgan, a compromise was effected, and the offenders were let off with the costs, Campbell Morgan surrendering under the said compromise and agreeing to aid in putting down wildcatting. This agreement he faithfully kept, being soon after appointed Deputy United State Marshal, in which capacity he was very effective in carrying out his promise.
One thing remarkable in his career as a Deputy Marshal was, that instead of making enemies, as is frequently the case, he made friends, and aided in building up public sentiment against violating the internal revenue laws so that when he retired from his position, it was not long until there was a demand for him to become a candidate fro Sheriff of Jackson County, to which office he was elected a good majority in 1884. He was re-elected in 1886 by a two=third majority, and in this contest with three popular opponents, he only laced a few votes of getting more than all his opponents, beating the foremost by nearly 400, this being elect to the constitutional limit of six years.
In the meantime crime has so decreased that at the last term of our Circuit Court less than a dozen truebills were found by the grand jury. It is well known that an indicted criminal cannot stay in Jackson County and not be caught.
- The Nashville American, 27 February 1909, Page 8
OLD "MOONSHINER" - NOW APOSTLE OF LAW AND ORDER IN THE MOUNTAIN SECTION.
Sittin in the United States Marshal's office Friday afternoon was a white-haired man, clad in homespun, shod with dirt-caked, brogan shoes, a man whom many would pass by with a glance, yet a man whose name is known over all the lawless section of the State as a terror to illicit distillers. This man is Campbell Morgan, of Jackson County, ex-wildcatter, ex-Sheriff of that county ad now Deputy Marshal in the counties of White, Jackson and Putnam. For many years, so reports say, this man was the premier trouble brewer of the country lying in the foothills of the Cumberland Mountains and a thorn in the flesh of the Government officials.
To him is accredited the leadership of the famous gang of illicit distillers who surrounded a little log house in which were hidden Jim Davis and his possemen and deupties, holding them capitives (sic) without food for several days and finally forcing them to agree not to prosecute the violators of the revenue laws. And men say, up in the mountains, that shortly afer this event Campbell Morgan sold not more illict whisky and joined the revenue authrities in uphold the law. What influenced him none know, but is is certain that for the past twenty years Campbell Morgan's name has been synonymous with law and order in that section.
His assistance in raids has been invaluable to the Government, for he knows every foot of the land in the Cumberland Mountains and the old inhabitants of the country say that he could locate any spot. In the forests of the region blindfolded.
Campbell Morgan is now nearly 65 years old, but age is light upon his shoulders and in his eyes is the same sparkle, in his walk the same elasticity of former days. He is a modest man and in speaking of his career Friday the only thing he would ssay in his eary mountain drawl was: "I don't know what to say except that the mountains are full of coons and fuller of wildcats."
And the wonderful thing is that none of the "moonshiners" hate Campbell Morgan, knowing that he means what he says and says what he means.
- Cookeville in Retrospect
1887 to 1913
by Gertrude Whitney
Putnam County Herald
14 January 1943
No actor in Hollywood's movie colony was ever a greater hero to anyone than "Uncle" Campbell Morgan - revenuer per excellence - was to me! How I thrilled to his tales of how he had lain prone on his stomach in the mountain woods all night waiting for "shiners" to start their first "run" in the early hours before dawn. He usually caught them and as evidence that it was no easy task, displayed many scars where he had been wounded in such encounters. I have a most interesting picture of him, gun in hand, with other weapons nearby, together with a find display of his night's vigil. His brother, R. P. Morgan, brought much money into Cookeville through his wholesale produce shipping to New York. This used to be one of the largest chicken markets in the country. Two days in Cookeville held great significance for the farmers in the old days. "Chicken Day" in West Cookeville and "Mule Day" on the Square. Another member of this Morgan family was J. D. salesman, merchant, all around business man, and friend of everyone.
Photo Source: After the Moonshiners (Google Books Online)