Born: 8 Aug 1842 in White County, TN
Died: 26 Aug 1932in Putnam County, TN
Buried: Hyder Family Cemetery, Putnam County, TN
Parents: Joseph Denton and Jamina (Whitaker) Hyder

Married: Elizabeth Ann "Betsey" Madewell about 1867 in Putnam County, TN
Born: 20 Sep 1844 in White County, TN
Died: 19 Apr 1917in Putnam County, TN
Buried: Hyder Family Cemetery, Putnam County, TN
Parents: John and Judith "Judy" (Grant) Madewell


  1. Burton Hyder
  2. Harvey Hyder
  3. Dillard Noah Hyder
  4. Sarah Hyder
  5. Lillie Hyder
  6. Joseph Hyder
  7. Alvin J. Hyder
  8. Luther A. Hyder


  • Brother: Pleasant Milton Hyder - 28th Tennessee Infantry Regiment and 84th Tennessee Infantry Regiment - CSA
  • Brother: Jesse Elkanah Hyder - 22nd Tennessee Infantry Battalion - CSA
  • Brother: Jacob S. Hyder - 84th Tennessee Infantry Regiment - CSA
  • Brother-in-law: J. Levi Jackson - 4th Tennessee Mounted Infantry - USA
  • Brother-in-law: Eli Jackson (aka Elias Howard) - 4th Tennessee Mounted Infantry - USA
  • Cousin: Stephen Decatur Quarles - 8th Tennessee (Dibrell's) Cavalry - CSA


13 th(Gore's) Tennessee Cavalry
(also known as 8 thTennessee Cavalry)
Company H


  • Entered the service as a Private and left the service as a Private
  • Enlisted September 15, 1862 at White County, TN by Colonel G. G. Dibrell.
  • Present October 12, 1862



COMPLETE TRANSCRIPTION: Hyder, Joseph Nelson - 13th TN (Gore's) Cavalry - CSA

( Download Full Pension Application)


  • Filed April 22, 1907
  • Accepted
  • Resident of Algood, TN
  • Member of Capt James Barns Company "H" in Gen George G. Dibrell's Regiment
  • Born in White County, TN in 1842
  • Was in the battles of Parkers Cross Roads, TN & Franklin, TN & at Humbolt TN, & others
  • Suffered from measles & mumps while in the service
  • Was sent home on a furlow on account of said sickness about the 1st of August 1863 while command was at Sparta, TN
  • Took the Oath of Allegiance
  • Wife is 63 yrs old and son is about 18

Supporting Documents:

  • J. D. Verble (20 April 1907) - Tax Assessment
  • Ernest H. Boyd (27 Oct 1907) - Support of Pension
  • TN Board of Pension Examiners (24 Mar 1908) - Request for service records
  • War Department (27 March 1908) - Sent Service Records
  • J. N. Hyder (16 Mar 1908) - Re-statement of below
  • J. N. Hyder (26 Jan 1909) -
    • The day after Parker's X Roads, JNH was stricken with measles.
    • JNH remained at Columbia in a tent until he was able to travel.
    • He went to Florence, AL and was stricken with mumps. He was in the hospital about 15 days.
    • He fought in the battle of Franklin, TN.
    • After that, he went to Chattanooga.
    • He then went to Sparta.
    • During march, JNH was unable to carry his gun. Other members of the group carried it for him.
    • August 1863 at Sparta, JNH was granted a furlough by Col Dibrell to go home.
    • After recovery, he was unable to return to command, because he was cut off by Stokes & Beatty's men.
  • S. D. Quarles (14 Feb 1909) - Supports claim
  • William Hudgens (Apr 1909) - Support of war events as JNH has stated
  • J. N. Hyder (20 Apr 1909) - Pension Status Request
  • J. N. Hyder (26 April 1909) - JNH did not return to Dibrell's command when they were in Sparta, because he did not get the word that they were there until after they left.
  • S. D. Quarles (26 Apr 1909) - Supports claim
  • J. N. Hyder (18 May 1909) - Pension Status Request
  • TN Board of Pension Examiners (21 May 1909) - Return Pension Status
  • J. N. Hyder (2 Aug 1909) - Repeat of war events
  • Joseph Hudgens & J. M. Norris (19 Jan 1910) - Know JNH
  • J. N. Hyder (10 Feb 1910) - Status Request
  • J. L. Quarles (29 Apr 1910) - Men in the county had to hide in the mountains to keep from being killed by the enemy.
  • J. L. Hyder (1 Aug 1910) - Brother to JLH
  • TN Board of Pension Examiners (27 Oct 1910) - Return of Pension Status
  • J. C. Hyder (5 Dec 1910) - Nephew of JNH. Support of Pension
  • J. N. Hyder (14 Feb 1911) - Pension Status Request
  • TN Board of Pension Examiners (14 Feb 1911) - Return of Pension Status
  • J. N. Hyder (26 Sep 1911) - Pension Status Request
  • C. E. Bohannon & George Buckner (6 Oct 1911) - Support of Pension
  • E. H. Boyd (11 Oct 1911) - Support of many Putnam County Veterans
  • Grand Encampment of Tennessee Independent Order of Odd Fellows (27 Oct 1911) - Support of Pension
  • W. L. Dibrell (10 Apr 1912) - Support of Pension
  • Martha Whitaker & Brunette Bohannon (6 July 1912) - JNH came home from the war sick. He came home about 1 Aug 1863. He was confined three or four months.
  • Special Examiner (2 May 1919) - Board was not satisfied that JNH was unable to return to command
  • J. N. Hyder (24 May 1919) -
    • On account of sickness, JNH was furloughed at Sparta in Aug 1863.
    • He was not physically able to return to service.
    • During service, he was in 14 battles and skirmishes.
    • He lived all his life in TN except for 8 months in TX
  • Algood Moore (26 May 1919) - Know JNH
  • Tom Scarlett (26 May 1919) - Know JNH
  • J. F. Hyder (9 Nov 1919) - Nephew of JNH. JNH came home in the summer of 1863 sick and disabled.
  • Special Examiner (?) - Difficult to read


  • 1850 Census: White County, TN, Page 120
  • 1860 Census: Putnam County, TN, Page 24
  • 1870 Census: Putnam County, TN, Page 126
  • 1880 Census: Putnam County, TN, Page 307C
  • 1900 Census: Putnam County, TN, Page 81A
  • 1910 Census:
  • 1920 Census:
  • 1930 Census: Putnam County, TN, Page 102B


( Download the Questionnaire)

  • Full Name: Joseph Nelson Hyder
  • Post Office: Algood
  • Born: Putnam County, Tennessee
  • Father: Joseph D. Hyder
  • Mother: Jemima Whiteaker
  • JNH was 20 years old when he entered the service.


Putnam County Herald
1 September 1932
Vol. , No. , Page 8

  • J. N. HYDER, 90, CONFEDERATE VETERAN, DIES AT ALGOOD -- Joseph Nelson Hyder, aged 90, affectionately known to his acquaintances as "Uncle Nelson," died Saturday at the home of his son in Algood with whom he had made his home since the death of his wife several years ago. He was born August 10, 1842, in the Third Civil District of Putnam County, and belonged to a well known pioneer family of that district. Except a few years spent in Texas, he resided in the Third District and engaged in farming until he moved, with his family to Algood, thirty-two years ago, where he has since resided. He volunteered as a Confederate soldier and served throughout the Civil War in the famous 8th Tennessee (Dibbrell's) Regiment. He was a Confederate pensioner. While a resident of the Third Civil District, he served several terms as constable, and after moving to Algood, he was elected constable of the 19th Civil District, serving continuously for many terms and until his death. In the recent regular August election he was re-elected constable for another two years term. In the aggregate, he served for about thirty years as constable of the Third and 19th Civil Districts of this county. Reared, as he was, in pioneer days, when educational opportunities in his section were very meager compared with present day advantages, his education was limited, but he was a man of extraordinary native ability and sound judgement. He had a wonderful memory and his mind and memory remained clear and unimpaired until the day of his death. Until a few months ago, he retained his physical strength to a remarkable degree. He was unquestionably the oldest peace officer in Tennessee, and also the last Confederate veteran to hold office in this state. He was one of the last three Confederate veterans of Putnam county. In so far as we are able to recall the only two surviving Confederate veterans left in this county are G. W. Judd, George, of Cookeville, and Esq. A. K. Williamson, of Algood. Two others have died during this year. "Uncle Nelson" was held in the highest esteem by all who knew him. He was a kind and sympathetic man, whose goodness of heart constantly manifested itself in such a way as to win for him the friendship of people of all ages and classes. To "Uncle Nelson" and his wife, ten children were born, six of whom survive them, as follows: Harvey, Alvin and Luther Hyder, of Algood, and Burton, Dillard and Joe Hyder, of Oklahoma. He is also survived by a large number of grandchildren, great-grandchildren and other relatives in this county. Several hundred people attended the funeral service and burial at the Hyder family cemetery, near Poplar Grove Baptist Church, in the Third District, on Sunday afternoon. Funeral services were conducted by Rev. James H. Roberson. Attorney-General E. H. Boyd and Judge H. D. Whitson paid tributes to the record of the deceased as a Confederate soldier, veteran peace officer and Christian gentleman.


  • Death Certificate: Putnam County, TN (1932) - #23986 - Joseph Nelson Hyder
  • Death Certificate: Putnam County, TN (1917) - #40 - Elizabeth Ann Hyder
  • Putnam County Herald
    Vol. XII, No. 52, Page 2
    Nelson Hyder is a candidate for appointment by Gov. Tom Rye, to the office of Vital Statistician.
  • Putnam County Herald
    12 October 1922
    Vol. XX, No. 42, Page 1
    EIGHTY YEAR OLD OFFICER ELECTED FOR ANOTHER TERM -- J. N. Hyder, of Algood, Has Served For Many Years and Often Rides Thirty Miles a Day. -- Probably the oldest peace officer in Tennessee is J. N. Hyder of Algood. "Uncle Nelson" has been constable of the Nineteenth civil district for many years. He was re-elected last August without opposition. He is eighty years old and is an old Confederate soldier. Few men of his age are so active and well preserved. He frequently rides 30 miles in a day on horseback in the discharge of his official duties.
  • The Tennessean
    6 October 1928
    Page 6
    Eleven Assemble for Reunion and Parade in Sparta.
    Sparta, Tenn., Oct. 5 - (Spl.) - The annual reunion of the old Confederate veterans of Sparta and White county, was held here today at the home of General W. L. Dibrell.
    The number of soldiers attending this reunion was only 11. Sparta citizens turned out en masse to greet the veterans on the square this morning. From there they motored to the high school where they were greeted by the students who sang "Dixie" and a few other tunes. From the high school they went to the home of General Dibrell with M. C. Hill and H. B. Frater, both of the World war, in charge of the parade.
    Soeeches were made by visitors and the old soldiers. One veteran, E. W. Crawford, said that he prayed that 11 present might live and meet again another year.
    The Sparta band played for the gathering, and with the beginning of "Dixie" the hardy veterans sounded the "Rebel Yell" with vigor that belied their years.
    After lunch, officers were elected. General J. W. Quarles, colonel of cavalry; W. M. Montgomery, lieutenant colonel of cavalry; Joseph Hyder, major of cavalry; Wiley Steakley, colonel of infantry; J. C. Terry, lieutenant colonel of infantry, and C. W. Mooneyham, major of infantry, were the officers appointed.
    A short program included a few piano selections by Mrs. Lillie Young, 83. A vocal solo, "The Boys Who Wore the Gray," was sung by Mrs. J. C. Terry. Mrs. Martha Little served as sponsor and Miss Pauline King, as maid of honor.


Joseph N. Hyder

Photo Source: Stray leaves from Putnam County history : pioneer families, sights and sounds from the past, old school groups, Civil War soldiers, Page 233