SOURCE
Tennessee Supreme Court Case Files
Tennessee State Library and Archives
Region: Middle
Range: 32
Section: F
Shelf: 1
Box Number: 342
Approximate Pages: 108

ABSTRACT

Mary Ann Eldridge owned a piece of land before intermarrying with Zachariah Eldridge in August 1862. She wanted a negro slave to wait on her as her husband had a negro man to wait on him. They wanted to sell the land to Reece T. Hildreth and use this money to purchase negro slave Mariah from Edley Paul. Hildreth wanted to purchase the land, but he wanted to pay in Confederate money. Mary Ann claimed that she did not want Confederate money as it was not worth “shuck.” Hildreth responded that if the Confederate money was no good at the end of the war, he would make good on the purchase. At the time of the sale of the land, the War was raging and all business at the Court house had ceased. Mary Ann claimed that she was never examined about the land sale as required by law. Therefore, the land sale should be null and void. When the war ended, Mariah was freed. Reece T. Hildreth died in 1864 in Overton County intestate. Mary Ann Eldridge wanted to void the land sale.

PRIMARY SURNAMES

Hildreth, Eldridge

LOCATION

Putnam County, Tennessee

ELDRIDGE GENEALOGICAL INFORMATION

  • Mary Eldridge is the wife of Zachariah Eldridge.
  • Mary Ann Eldridge married Z. Eldridge in August 1862.
  • Zachariah and Mary Eldridge are citizens of Overton County.
  • Mary Ann Eldridge had been married three times. She had no heirs.
  • John F. Eldridge is the son of Zachariah Eldridge.
  • Mary Ann Eldridge is the mother to John F. Eldridge.
  • J. P. Gipson married Calvin Eldridge’s daughter - the niece of Mary A. Eldridge.
  • J. P. Gipson lived in the neighborhood about 2 years.
  • James Peak, Jr married a daughter of Zachariah Eldridge. The daughter is not named.
  • Isaac Gray (dec’d) was a son-in-law of Zachariah Eldridge.
  • Irena E. Eldridge is a daughter of Zachariah and Mary Ann Eldridge.
  • Elizabeth F. Peak is a daughter of Zachariah and Mary Ann Eldridge.
  • Nancy Christian is the daughter of Zachariah Eldridge and step-daughter of Mary Ann Eldridge.
  • Sarah Rector is the daughter of Zachariah Eldridge and step-daughter of Mary Ann Eldridge.
  • Jesse Eldridge is a brother of Zachariah Eldridge.
  • James Eldridge is a brother of Zachariah Eldridge.
  • Marion Bilbrey married a niece of Zachariah Eldridge. The niece is not named.
  • Huston Estis was raised at Mary Eldridge’s house when she was married to James Walker. James Walker was her second husband. He was quite small when he lived with them.
  • Huston Estis is the son of Mary Eldridge.
  • James Walker did not live very long after his marriage to Mary Eldridge.
  • James Eldridge, Jun is the son of Zachariah Eldridge.

WEST/HILDRETH GENEALOGICAL INFORMATION

  • Reece T. Hildreth died in Overton County in 1864.
  • Mary Ann West is the relict and widow of Reece T. Hildreth.
  • In Chancery Court of Overton County in 1865, E. L. Gardenhire and Mary Hildreth were appointed the administrators of R. T. Hildreth’s estate.
  • Mary Ann West is the wife of John West. They married after the death of R. T. Hildreth.
  • Children of R. T. Hildreth: Mary Hildreth, Laura Hildred, Ova Hildreth, Pearson Hildreth, Lilly Hildreth, & Robert Hildreth are citizens of Putnam County.
  • Mary A. West, widow of Reece T. Hildreth, would have been married to Hildreth 2 day of next July fourteen years (Date of deposition: 16 April 1869).

DOCUMENTS INCLUDED

Exhibit A: Title to Mariah dated 27 Nov 1863.

TIMELINE

  • 17 Nov 1863: Zachariah Eldridge purchased the slave Mariah. At the time of the sale, Mariah was in a “family way.”
  • 27 Nov 1863: Title was given to Zachariah Eldridge for Mariah about 17 years old.
  • 10 Dec 1863: Zachariah Eldridge sold the land to Reece T. Hildreth.
  • 04 Nov 1866: Zachariah Eldridge and Mary Ann Eldridge gives bond. The case is against E. L. Gardenhire and Mary Hildreth.
  • 31 Dec 1866: Gardenhire & Hildreth respond to the Bill.
  • 02 Feb 1867: The children of Hildreth know nothing about the case but suppose that Gardenhire and Mary A. Hildreth have answered correctly.
  • 24 May 1867: Depositions of Irena E. Eldridge and Elizabeth F. Peak were taken.
  • 27 May 1867: Depositions of Charles Lowery and Edley Paul were taken.
  • 01 Jun 1867: The children of Hildreth respond that they know nothing of the circumstances and wish to be dismissed from the case. Laura, Orion, Pearson, Robert and Lilly Hildreth.
  • 19 Oct 1867: Depositions of Nancy Christian, Sarah Rector, John Eldridge, James Eldridge, Marion Bilbrey, Huston T. Estis, and James Eldridge Jr. were taken at the home of
    Ailcy Gardenhire.
  • 16 May 1868: Deposition of Marion Bilbrey taken.
  • __  Apr 1868: Depositions of Wm M. Pickett taken.
  • 05 Apr 1869: Depositions of I. V. S. Tallent and John Eldridge were taken at the house of Zachariah Eldridge.
  • 05 Apr 1869: Deposition of Cornelius Hickey was taken at the Circuit Court of White County, TN.
  • 16 Apr 1869: Depositions of Mary E. Hampton and Mary A. West were taken at the store house of James Gillems in Overton County.
  • 17 April 1869: Depositions from Mary Eldridge to Isaac Swallows were taken.
  • 22 Apr 1869: Depositions from I. V. S. Tallent and Wm. M. Pickett were taken.
  • 22 May 1869: Depositions of John Eldridge and I. V. S. Tallent were taken.
  • 18 Oct 1869: Chancellor Barclay M. Tillman arrived too late to conduct business.
  • 19 Oct 1869: Chancery Court heard the case.
  • 07 Mar 1874: The cause Z. Eldridge and wife vs. E. L. Gardenhire was heard before the court.

DEPOSITIONS

  • Mary A. Eldrige, age 51
  • Calvin Eldridge, age 45
  • J. P. Gipson, age 24
  • James Peak, age 28
  • Issac Swallows, age 60
  • I. V. S. Tallent, age 31
  • John F. Eldridge, age 23
  • Irena E. Eldridge, age 17
  • Elizabeth F. Peak, age 23
  • I. V. S. Tallent, age 30
  • Wm. M. Pickett, age 38
  • John Eldridge, age 23
  • Cornelius Hickey
  • Nancy B. Christian
  • Sarah Rector
  • Jesse Eldridge
  • James Eldridge
  • Marion Bilbrey
  • Huston T. Estis, will be 19 years old next June (deposition taken 19 Oct 1867)
  • James Eldridge, Jun
  • Mary E. Hampton
  • Mary A. West
  • Edley Paul, age 47 years
  • Charles Lowery, age 47 years

BILL OF COSTS

  • Clerk & Master Mills
  • Sheriff J. H. McCully
  • Sheriff A. L. Potts
  • Constable Ashburn
  • Deputy Sheriff T. Gardenhire
  • Sheriff J. B. Allison
  • Deputy Sheriff W. F. Williams
  • H. L. Carrick, Clerk
  • Justice J. W. Dinge
  • Justice G. W. Speck
  • Clerk & Master P. Turney
  • Witness
  • F. M. Bilberry
  • John Eldridge
  • J. N. V. Tallent
  • J. E. Eldridge
  • Elizabeth Peak
  • Charles Lowery
  • Edley Paul
  • Mary A. West
  • Margaret Eldridge
  • Calvin Eldridge
  • J. P. Gipson
  • James Peak
  • Wm. M. Pickett
  • Nancy Christian
  • C. Hickey
  • Sarah Rector
  • Jesse Eldridge
  • James Eldridge
  • Huston Estis